화제가 되고 있는 엠마 왓슨의 유엔 연설

2014. 9. 24. 22:53



화제가 되고 있는 엠마 왓슨의 유엔 연설






엠마 왓슨의 유엔 연설이 화제가 되고 있다.

영화 해리포터로 유명한 세계적인 여배우 엠마 왓슨은
21일(현지 시간) 뉴욕의 유엔본부에서 양성평등을 위한 캠페인

히포쉬(HeForShe)의 시작을 알리는 연설을 했다.


HeForShe 캠페인은 양성평등을 위한 활동에

10만 명의 남성과 소년을 참여시키는 것을 목표로 하고 있다.
연설문 요지와 원문을 함께 올리도록 하겠습니다.







< 엠마 왓슨의 유엔 연설문 요지 >



저는 6개월 전에 여성친선대사로 지명됐습니다.
그 뒤 제가 페미니즘에 대해 발언하면 할수록 여성의
권리 확보를 위한 싸움이 늘 남성을 증오하는 것과
같은 의미가 된다는 사실을 깨달았습니다.


제가 분명히 알게 된 한가지 사실은 이 같은

현실이 바뀌어야 한다는 것입니다. 페미니즘의 정의는

남성과 여성이 동등한 권리와 기회를 가져야

한다는 것이라고 알고 있습니다.


이는 양성의 정치적, 경제적, 사회적 평등을

뜻합니다. 저는 남성들에게 이런 일에 함께 참여하기를

공식적으로 초청합니다. 양성평등 문제는 여러분의

문제이기도 하기 때문입니다.


우리는 종종 남성이 성고정관념에 갇혀 있다고
말합니다. 남성들이 그런 고정 관념에서 자유로워지면
자연스럽게 여성을 위한 변화는 일어날 것입니다.


저는 남성들이 이 같은 역할을 맡아주기를

바랍니다. 그리하면 여러분의 딸과 오누이와 어머니들이

편견에서 벗어나게 될 것입니다.


이는 그녀들의 아들들 또한 나약한 인간이라는

것을 인정하고, 자신들이 버렸던 자신들의 부분을 되찾아 보다
진실하고 완벽한 자신으로 거듭날 수 있게 해줄 것입니다.




< 엠마 왓슨의 유엔 연설문 (원문) >



Today, we are launching a campaign called HeForShe.

I am reaching out to you before we need your help.

We want to end gender inequality and to do this,

we need everyone involved.


This is the first campaign of its kind at the UN.

We want to try to galvanise as many men and boys as

possible to be advocates for change and

we don’t just want to talk about it.


We want to try and make sure that it’s tangible.

I was appointed as Goodwill Ambassador for U.N.

Women six months ago and the more I’ve spoken

about feminism, the more I have realized that fighting

for women’s rights has too often become

synonymous with man-hating.


If there is one thing I know for certain,

it is that this has to stop. For the record, feminism,

by definition, is the belief that men and women

should have equal rights and opportunities.


It is the theory of the political, economic

and social equality of the sexes. I started questioning

gender-based assumptions a long time ago.


When I was 8, I was confused about being

called ‘bossy’ because I wanted to direct the plays

that we would put on for our parents.


But the boys were not. When at 14, I started

to be sexualized by certain elements of the media,

when at 15, my girlfriends started dropping

out of their beloved sports teams,

because they didn’t want to appear ‘muscle-y,

’ when at 18, my male friends were unable to express

their feelings, I decided that I was a feminist.


And this seems uncomplicated to me.

But my recent research has shown me that

feminism has become an unpopular word.


Women are choosing not to identify as feminists.

Apparently, I am among the ranks of women

whose expressions are seen as too strong,

‘too aggressive,’ isolating and anti-men,

unattractive, even. Why has the word become

such an uncomfortable one?


I am from Britain and I think it is right that

I am paid the same as my male counterparts.


I think it is right that I should be able to

make decisions about my own body,

I think [applause break] ... I think it is right that

women be involved on my behalf in the policies

and the decisions that affect my life.


I think it is right that socially, I am afforded

the same respect as men. But sadly, I can say

that there is no one country in the world where

all women can expect to receive these rights.


No country in the world can yet say that they

have achieved gender equality. These rights,

I consider to be human rights but I am one of

the lucky ones, my life is a sheer privilege

because my parents didn’t love me less

because I was born a daughter.


My school did not limit me because I was a girl.

My mentors didn’t assume that I would go less far

because I might give birth to a child one day.


These influencers are the gender equality

ambassadors that made me who I am today.


They may not know it, but they are the inadvertent

feminists who are changing the world today.


We need more of those and if you still hate

the word, it is not the word that is important.

It’s the idea and the ambition behind it.


Because not all women have received the

same rights that I have. In fact, statistically,

very few have been.


In 1997, Hillary Clinton made a famous speech

in Beijing about women’s rights. Sadly, many

of the things that she wanted to change

are still true today.


But what stood out for me the most was that

less than 30 per cent of the audience were male.


How can we affect change in the world

when only half of it is invited or feel welcome

to participate in the conversation?


Men, I would like to take this opportunity to

extend your formal invitation.” [Applause break]

“Gender equality is your issue too.


Because to date, I’ve seen my father’s role

as a parent being valued less by society despite

my needing his presence, as a child,

as much as my mother’s.


I’ve seen young men suffering from mental illness,

unable to ask for help, for fear it would make them

less of a man. In fact, in the U.K., suicide is the

biggest killer of men, between 20 to 49, eclipsing

road accidents, cancer and coronary heart disease.


I’ve seen men made fragile and insecure by

a distorted sense of what constitutes male success.

Men don’t have the benefits of equality, either.


We don’t want to talk about men being imprisoned

by gender stereotypes but I can see that they are.

When they are free, things will change for women

as a natural consequence.


If men don’t have to be aggressive, women

won’t be compelled to be submissive. If men don’t need

to control, women won’t have to be controlled.


It is time that we all see gender as a spectrum

instead of two sets of opposing ideals. We should

stop defining each other by what we are not and

start defining ourselves by who we are.


We can all be freer and this is what HeForShe

is about. It’s about freedom. I want men to

take up this mantle so their daughters, sisters and

mothers can be free from prejudice but also

so their sons have permission to be vulnerable and

human, too and in doing so, be a more true

and complete version of themselves.


You might think, ‘Who is this Harry Potter girl?

What is she doing at the U. N.?’ And it’s a really good

question — I’ve been asking myself the same thing.


All I know is that I care about this problem

and I want to make it better. And having seen

what I’ve seen and given the chance,

I feel my responsibility to say something.


Statesman Edmund Burke said all that is

needed for the forces of evil to triumph is for

good men and women to do nothing.


In my nervousness for this speech and my

moments of doubt, I’ve told myself firmly, ‘If not me,

who? If not now, when?’ If you have similar doubts

when opportunities are presented to you,

I hope that those words will be helpful because

the reality is, if we do nothing, it will take 75 years

or for me, to be nearly 100, before women can

expect to be paid the same as men for the same work

 — 15.5 million girls will be married in the next

16 years as children and at current rates,

it won’t be until 2086 before all rural African girls

can have a secondary education.


If you believe in equality, you might be one of those

inadvertent feminists that I spoke of earlier and for this,
I applaud you. We are struggling for a uniting word

but the good news is that we have a uniting movement.


It is called HeForShe. I am inviting you to step forward
to be seen and to ask yourself, ‘If not me, who?

If not now, when?’ Thank you very, very much.